Made of Corn

When genetically modified corn was found in the highlands of Mexico, Indigenous campesino groups took to the streets to protect their cultural heritage, setting off a 20-year legal saga. Part two of our series on genetically modified maize.

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Made of Corn


Neon Cruz farms corn as well as coffee and sugar cane in the area round Santa Gertrudis.

Carlos Enriquez and his son farm multiple milpas around Santa Gertrudis.

Aldo Gonzalez is an Indigenous rights and maize activist with the Union of Organizations of the Sierra Juarez of Oaxaca (UNOSJO).

Carlos Hernandez has been farming in Oaxaca’s Sierra Juarez for more than 50 years and works on Indigenous rights and corn issues with UNOSJO.

Margarito Hernandez Sebastian has been farming in Oaxaca’s Sierra Juarez for more than 30 years.

Pablo Uribe Malagamba is an environmental lawyer and founding partner of the law firm Asesoria Juridica Ambiental in Mexico City.

Veronica Villa is the program director for ETC Group Mexico.

David Quist is formerly of the Arctic University of Norway, and now runs Hrímnir ramen in Oslo



This episode was produced by James L. Frederick and Polly Leger. Editing by Acey Rowe and Gordon Katic. James Rhatigan was our research assistant. Fact checking by Aurora Tejeida

Our theme song and original music is by our composer, Mike Barber. Dakota Koop is our graphic designer. Our production manager is David Tobiasz, and executive producers are Gordon Katic and Sam Fenn.

Thank you to: Ana de Ita Rubio , Santiago Muñoz  and Daniela Moreno from the Maizajo tortilla shop, Silvia Ribeiro from ETC Group, and Natasha Pizzey Siegert.

This episode was funded in part by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. This is part of wider project challenging ideas in liberal environmental thought. The project was advised by Jessica Dempsey at the University of British Columbia, and Rosemary Collard from Simon Fraser University.

Cited is produced out of the Centre of Ethics at the University of Toronto, which is on the traditional land of Mississaugas of the Credit, the Anishnabeg, the Chippewa, the Haudenosaunee and the Wendat Peoples. Cited is also produced out of the Michael Smith Laboratories at the University of British Columbia -- that’s on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh Nations.